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4th way terminology

 
All the terms are taken from the site of the 4th way: http://www.geocities.com/Tokyo/1236/knowledgebeing3.html
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psychology
This is by no means a comprehensive presentation of the Work ideas, rather it is a starting point for further study.
Knowledge and Being There is a difference between what we know and what we are and can do.
Attention and Developing Attention Our degree of attention in any moment is a function of what part of centre we are operating from. Attention can be cltivated and controlled with practice, will, and effort.
EssenceWhen we are born into this world, we come with certain qualities and capacities.
PersonalityAs we grow and develop, we acquire new knowledge and new abilities.
The Four Possible States of Human ConsciousnessThere are four possible states of consciousness available to human beings, but usually we live in only the lowest two.
The Structure and Function of the Human MachineThe human body has several lower essential functions that we are born with, and other higher functions that we can connect with through work and effort.
Human Being BodiesWe are born into a planetary body, but there are furtther bodies that can be developed.
Levels of ManWe are born with a dominant lower essential function. We can achieve balance between these lower functions, and develop higher functions with work and effort.
The Science of Human TypesHumans are born into a limited number of human types.
The Many I’s: Man is not UnifiedOur psychology is characterized by no one “I” being in control.
I’s and Groups of I’sThe Many I’s group themselves randomly according to the associations and experiences we have.
The Five Levels of IThe degree of control and consciousness we achieve determines what level of “I” we are living at.
parables 
Man is Asleep in a House on FireA parable likening the human condition to being asleep in a house on fire.
Man is in a PrisonA parable likening the human condition to being in prison.
obstacles 
Unnecessary TalkingOne of the chief obstacles to inner development is talking without aim or attention.
LyingOne of the chief obstacles to inner development is our tendency to talk about things we do not know, or can not know, as though we do know.
ImaginationOne of the chief obstacles to inner development is our imagining that we already possess qualities and abilities that we do not have, and that can only be developed through long efforts.
IdentificationOne of the characteristics of our psychology is that we lose ourselves by becoming absorbed into events, thoughts, and emotions.
Internal ConsideringA special form of identification with oneself whereby we imagine we know what others think of us and make inner accounts against others.
Negative EmotionsOne of the chief obstacles to awakening is losing energy through the expression of negative and unpleasant emotions.
VanityPersonal descriptions of vanity in action in ordinary daily life.
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principles and practices
Necessity of Aim
Everyone must have an aim. Without aims, one will go nowhere. Aim is necessary in the work, but it cannot be an arbitrary or invented aim. There can be only one aim-to awake-and it can only come when you realize that you are asleep, otherwise there is no necessity for it. All other aims, however one may formulate them, must be in line with that.
Self-Observation
One of the fundamental practices of the Work is observing oneself impartially without changing anything one sees.
Self-Remembering
One of the fundamental practices of the work is remembering oneself and resisting one’s own mechanics. There are thousands of ways to self-remember.
External Considering
Putting oneself into another’s shoes is an antidote to internal considering.
Three Lines of School Work
One must work on three lines of work in order to achieve anything in a school.
Verification
The first principle of the Work is to verify everything for yourself; never accept anything on faith, and never accept anything you are told.
Requirements and Circumstances
Certain factors in one’s life must be in place before one can work on oneself. There are also characteristic inner obstacles to one’s work.
Valuation
Valuation of something is your estimation of its worth, or the price you would put on it. Actions speak louder than words.
Sincerity
We must be sincere with ourselves, with the teacher, with the members of the school, and we must try and avoid useless insincerity in life. It is not possible to work with people who are insincere.
Danger: Work in Progress
To undertake to follow the path of the Work involves many dangers. It is dangerous because you are risking what you are, to have the chance of becoming more than what you are at the moment.
Impressions
We need three kinds of food to survive. The first food is physical food, the second is the air we breathe, and the third is the external and internal impressions that flood into our organs of perception every second.
Alarm Clocks
One technique to help you see when you are being mechanical, and remind you to make efforts to be less mechanical and more awake.
Suffering
The Work says that one is willing to give up anything but suffering; it is the last thing one wants to lose. But we must give up our unnecessary suffering. There is some suffering that it is necessary to endure, voluntary suffering.
Physical Work
The lower centres are connected in a particular way and energies are distributed between them in a certain specific way. When people are lazy, centres try to do one another’s work and use one another’s energy. Physical work is a reliable method of making them work better.
School as a Cosmos
A school is a certain influence, originating in a higher world, which acts upon Mankind to assist the general evolutionary process and counterbalance the involutionary flow in the Ray of Creation.
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